Prevention Treatment of Diarrhea
feels like it might be the flu, but it might be something else too) I thought this would be as good a time as any to talk about diarrhea in children. Not a particularly pleasant topic, but one you'll want to know about before one of your kids develops a case of it! Causes
Stomach upset resulting in diarrhea or vomiting can be a pretty much isolated issue, as in gastroenteritis. It can also be a symptom of another illness like botulism, Crohn's disease or even swine flu. It's important to note if there are other symptoms like fever or aches and pains, if it seems linked to a particular incident such as a visit to a public pool, or if it recurs when eating a specific type of food. Diarrhea that is accompanied by other symptoms or that doesn't get better with time needs to be reported to your health care professional.
A major cause of infectious diarrhea is a virus such as rotavirus. This virus infects people mostly through fecal oral transmission that is, when a person's hands become contaminated from feces and then the person touches their mouth.
Although that sounds so disgusting that most of us can't imagine it happening, it does. All the time.
It doesn't mean that people do this intentionally. Perhaps they put a dirty diaper on the bathroom counter during a change, and then later put their makeup bag on the same counter without thinking to clean it. Perhaps they wash their hands without removing their rings, and just a tiny bit of the virus stays on their hands, to later contaminate the food they prepare. Unfortunately, when they do people get sick. "The fces of an infected person can contain more than 10 trillion infectious particles per gram; only 10 100 of these are required to transmit infection to another person." ("Rotavirus")
The best prevention is frequent thorough handwashing with a mild soap, preferably a liquid one, and routine cleaning of surfaces with a dilute bleach and vinegar solution. Forget about antibacterial soaps and cleaners. They won't kill viruses and parasites, and their health value is minimal at best. Special antimicrobials aimed at viruses aren't really necessary either, as ordinary household bleach is both effective and inexpensive. Chlorine has been used for over two hundred years to disinfect wounds, drinking water and sewage, and swimming pools.
A dilute solution of common household bleach (sodium hypochlorite) kills a broad range of pathogens: salmonella, staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, tuberculosis, fungi, the viruses that cause AIDS and hepatitis, and more. Don't believe the commercials that talk about just getting really clean germs: instead learn how bleach neutralizes germs, and rest assured that your home is clean. ("Disinfectant")
For a solution that packs more of a wallop try this recipe: 1 cup bleach to one gallon water; carefully add in 1 cup of white vinegar. The vinegar lowers the pH of the solution and gives it more germ killing power. ("Killing power of bleach increased by vinegar") Make sure any dirt or organic matter (blood, feces, urine, etc.) is cleaned up first and clean the surface with a mild detergent if necessary. After rinsing, spray on the vinegar and bleach solution. Let stand ten to twenty minutes before wiping away.
Be careful not to mix bleach with soaps or household cleaners unless the label specifically says it is safe to do so. Adding vinegar to bleach causes a reaction as well, so mix the solution with care. Work in a well ventilated area.
Only make enough solution for one day to assure maximum potency. This works well on countertops, toilets, floors and other hard non porous surfaces. Wash often: after coughing or blowing your nose, after using the toilet, before eating or preparing food, after changing diapers or caring for a sick child. Remove watches and jewellery before washing, and be sure to wash all the surfaces of your hand: back, palm, between fingers, under the nails. Sing Happy Birthday to yourself twice, to be sure you're washing long enough. Teach children to keep hands and surfaces clean, as well. With babies, you can wash or wipe the hands clean at changing time and before feeding or offering drinks.
Children who get diarrhea may be at risk of becoming dehydrated, especially if they are vomiting or lose their appetite when they become ill. Avoid offering sugary drinks, flavoured gelatin, Tiffany Open Hearts Necklace sports drinks, soda, broth, sweetened tea, or even fruit juices to a child who has diarrhea. These drinks have the wrong amounts of salt and sugar, and can make diarrhea worse. Continue to offer a nursing child the breast. Children who are well enough to eat and drink normally should do Pandora Silver Gold Star White Charm 522 so. ("Diarrhea in children")
Electrolyte solutions (oral rehydration treatment) can be helpful in both prevention and treatment of dehydration due to diarrhea. While commercial solutions are available, it is helpful to know how to make a homemade version in case of emergency. The Rehydration Project recommends one liter (about 4 cups) of water that has been boiled then cooled, 8 teaspoons of salt, and 5 teaspoons of sugar. For improved taste and potassium content, 1/2 cup of orange juice (do not use apple or other flavours) or half of a mashed up banana may be added to the solution. ("Oral Rehydration Solutions: Made at Home")
This is pretty much the recipe we were given by our doctor. It also appears in the blue baby manual distributed in maternity wards and birthing centers, if you have had a child in Quebec. Thomas Sabo Charms Sandal Flip Flop It is not terribly tasty, but if your child is sick and thirsty, Tiffany Bracelet it should get drunk! Mix a fresh batch each day, as needed.
Once your child is on the mend, you may want to offer the BRAT diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, Pandora Silver Gold Star White Charm 522 toast) for a few days. These low fiber foods (including yogurt, crackers, cooked cereals, pasta and even eggs) will help prevent recurrence of the diarrhea. Add other foods back slowly, with raw fruits and vegetables last of all. ("BRAT diet")
Flat Ginger Ale
Were you given flat ginger ale for stomach flu ("gastro") as a child? This is likely because one of your parents or grandparents was treated with the beverage when they were Pandora Silver Gold Star White Charm 522 young. Once upon a time ginger ale had real ginger in it. Ginger is an anti emetic, which means it stops vomiting. charms for pandora bracelet Having used ginger capsules and just plain old candied ginger during my own pregnancies for morning sickness, I can confirm that it does help. however, today's ginger ale is pretty much a flavoured, fizzy sugar water. If your child has diarrhea accompanied by vomiting, offer small frequent sips of electrolyte solution (commercial or homemade.) If vomiting doesn't get better, see your physician.
Return to Activities
Diarrhea generally goes away on its own, and doesn't need any special medications. Keep your child home until twenty four hours after the diarrhea clears up. It is best to stay away from swimming pools, water sprays and hot tubs for two weeks, however, as the diarrhea may have been caused by a parasite that is resistant to the chlorine in the pool water. ("Cryptosporidiosis") In addition, take children on frequent bathroom breaks Pandora Silver Gold Star White Charm 522 and always change diapers away from the poolside and wash thoroughly before returning to the water. Before entering the pool area, shower with soap. ("Crypto") Little ones should wear diapers designed for swimming and a tight fitting bathing suit, to minimize the risk of an accident. Never put pool water in your mouth or swallow it. Teach children to do the same.
I am not a medical professional, just an experienced Mom of four. The recommendations here are based on published sources and are presented for information purposes only. Please discuss them with your health care provider before making any decisions about the health of your family.